The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a multilateral biodiversity treaty that entered into force on 29 December 1993.
It has 3 main objectives:
- The conservation of biological diversity
- The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity
- The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources
In 2006, the CBD asked Bioversity International, together with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) to take the joint lead to develop the evidence base for a cross-cutting initiative on biodiversity for food and nutrition. The evidence so far suggests that many local plant species and varieties, including food tree species and varieties, are nutrient-rich and only require low inputs, so could make a greater contribution to healthy sustainable diets.