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Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) entered into force on 29 December 1993. It has 3 main objectives:

  • The conservation of biological diversity
  • The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity
  • The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources

In 2018, the CBD celebrates 25 years of action on biological diversity and Bioversity International is pleased to participate in events to mark this anniversary:

Twenty-second meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA22)

2 - 7 July 2018 - Montreal, Canada

The 25th anniversary of the entry into force of the Convention on Biological Diversity provides an opportunity to critically assess the targets set for the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the effectiveness of measures taken under the convention and its strategic plans.

This joint event by Bioversity International, UNEP-WCMC, and BirdLife International (RSPB), will present information generated from assessing these aspects that could inform development of a follow up to the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 which is expected to be adopted at CBD COP-15 in 2020.
It will also present the Agrobiodiversity Index – a tool to measure and manage agrobiodiversity in sustainable food systems, and how it can be applied to measuring country and company commitments to, and actions in persuit of, progressing multiple Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

Find out more


Integrating wild and agricultural biodiversity – why we need both

A recent article in The Guardian by Bioversity International's Director General M. Ann Tutwiler raised a really important issue—it’s not just charismatic wild fauna that are threatened with extinction, but a wide range of plant and animal species, varieties and breeds that are also declining and imperiled. This is a vital point for several reasons, most notably, because we are dependent on agricultural biodiversity for our food and nutrition both today, and as a genetic toolkit to respond to future climates, challenges and opportunities.

  • Areas of the world that are high in wild biodiversity are often high in agricultural biodiversity.
    This implies that:
    • agricultural biodiversity and wild biodiversity often occur in the same places
    • diverse agricultural systems can support high levels of wild biodiversity and contribute to conservation strategies
    • both wild and agricultural biodiversity are impacted by similar threats (e.g. landscape simplification, agricultural intensification based on high levels of external inputs)
    • there is potential to better integrate and align efforts and activities to achieve outcomes for both agricultural and wild biodiversity, and e) biodiversity conservation and food production outcomes may not necessarily be opposed to one another.
  • The utilitarian benefits of both wild and agricultural biodiversity are profound. An enormous range and number of ecosystem service benefits are delivered to farmers and wider society by both agricultural and wild biodiversity including:
    • food provisioning (crops, wild-caught fish, wild harvested fruits)
    • regulating services (pest and disease control, maintenance of water quality
    • opportunities for carbon sequestration
    • the great cultural significance and aesthetic beauty of many agricultural landscapes and the wild biodiversity they can support.

Find out more:


14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP14)

17 - 29 November 2018 - Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt

On 17 - 29 November 2018 the United Nations will call on decision-makers from more than 190 countries to step up efforts to halt the biodiversity loss and protect the ecosystems that support food and water security and health for billions of people.

The UN Biodiversity Conference (14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity - COP 14) will be held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The UN Biodiversity Conference is the governing body of the Convention on Biological Diversity, and advances implementation of the Convention through the decisions it takes at its periodic meetings. In addition, on the margins of the UN Biodiversity Conference, pledges and commitments in support of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 will be made by governments, business, NGOs and intergovernmental organizations, cities and subnational authorities, indigenous peoples and local communities, youth and civil society.

Bioversity International will be attending - watch this space for more details