Chapter 2 (Stoian et al.) draws attention to the link between VCD and smallholder livelihood strategies that comprise a complex mix of subsistence and market-oriented activities and that are diversified to meet multiple livelihood goals and mitigate risks; and the authors address the related implications for the design and assessment of value-chain interventions. They question some of the underlying assumptions of NGOs, government agencies, and private-sector agents seeking to link smallholders to higher-value markets.
Value-chain development for rural poverty reduction: a reality check and a warning
In: Devaux, A.; Torero, M.; Donovan, J.; Horton, D. (eds.). Innovation for inclusive value-chain development: successes and challenges.