In celebration of International Open Access Week (20-26 October), we would like to highlight ten scientific publications by Bioversity International scientists and partners that are free for you to download.
1) Climate-smart landscapes: opportunities and challenges for integrating adaptation and mitigation in tropical agriculture
Bioversity International contributor: Jacob van Etten
Many of the activities needed for adaptation and mitigation in tropical agricultural landscapes are the same needed for sustainable agriculture, but thinking at the landscape scale opens a new dimension for achieving synergies. Intentional integration of adaptation and mitigation activities in agricultural landscapes offers significant benefits that go beyond the scope of climate change to food security, biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation.
2) Genetic considerations in ecosystem restoration using native tree species
Bioversity International contributors: Michele Bozzano, Riina Jalonen, Evert Thomas, David Boshier, Leonardo Gallo, Judy Loo
Growing native tree species in production systems (e.g. plantation forests and subsistence agriculture) can also ensure landscape functionality and support for human livelihoods. Achieving these full benefits requires consideration of genetic aspects that are often neglected, such as suitability of germplasm to the site, quality and quantity of the genetic pool used and regeneration potential.
3) Musa germplasm diversity status across a wide range of agro-ecological zones in Rwanda
Bioversity International contributors: Walter Ocimati, Guy Blomme, Alexandre Rutikanga, Deborah Karamura
This study assessed the on-farm Musa germplasm diversity across different agro-ecologies of Rwanda and the socio-economic utilization options and selection practices that create/maintain this diversity on-farm.
4) Integrated landscape management for agriculture, rural livelihoods, and ecosystem conservation: an assessment of experience from Latin America and the Caribbean
Bioversity International contributors: Natalia Estrada-Carmona, Fabrice DeClerck
Integrated landscape management approaches have been attempted in many parts of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) but to date there has been no systematic assessment of their characteristics, outcomes, and limitations. To fill this gap, we surveyed participants and managers in integrated landscape initiatives throughout the LAC region to characterize these initiatives’ contexts, motivations and objectives, stakeholders and participants, activities and investments, outcomes, and major successes and shortcomings.
5) Genetic diversity and ecological niche modelling of wild barley: refugia, large-scale post-LGM range expansion and limited mid-future climate threats?
Bioversity International contributor: Maarten van Zonneveld
Describing genetic diversity in wild barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum) in geographic and environmental space in the context of current, past and potential future climates is important for conservation and for breeding the domesticated crop (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare). Our analyses support the utility of ecological niche modelling for locating genetic diversity hotspots and determine priority geographic areas for wild barley conservation under anthropogenic climate change.
6) How to make participatory research gender-responsive: experiences from the Western Ghats, India
Bioversity International contributors: Narasimha Hegde, Hugo Lamers, Marlène Elias
Women are important collectors, users and managers of native fruit tree resources in the tropics. Yet, despite their specific knowledge, skills and interests related to these resources, they are often excluded from research for development initiatives. This scientific poster presents the experiences of participatory gender-responsive research in the Western Ghats, India.
7) Conservation of fruit tree diversity in Central Asia: policy options and challenges
Bioversity International contributor: Isabel Lapeña Garcia, Muhabbat Turdieva, Isabel López Noriega
Central Asia is one of the most important centres of origin for temperate fruit species, and enjoys very rich specific and intraspecific diversity of fruit trees. This publication summarizes the factors that threaten local diversity of fruit and horticultural crops in five focal countries, and outlines the measures that can be adopted to develop and implement policy and legislative frameworks that better serve conservation goals.
8) Agricultural biodiversity, social-ecological systems and sustainable diets
Bioversity International contributors: Thomas Allen, Bruce Cogill
The stark observation of the coexistence of undernourishment, nutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity is inviting us to reconsider health and nutrition as the primary goal and final endpoint of food systems. The Sustainable Diets concept proposes a research and policy agenda that strives towards a sustainable use of human and natural resources for food and nutrition security, highlighting the preeminent role of consumers in defining sustainable options and the importance of biodiversity in nutrition.
9) La coopération pour le meilleur usage possible des ressources phytogénétiques en Afrique de l'Ouest et centrale: un impératif régional
Bioversity International contributors: Michael Halewood, Jojo Baidu-Forson, Evelyn Clancy, Raymond Vodouhe
West and Central Africa is endowed with diversified agroecosystems in which crop diversity plays an integral role by contributing to the provision of food and ecosystem services. There is a growing challenge, however, in ensuring that those resources are sustainability used and conserved for future generations. This publication presents an overview of the collaborative efforts of key actors in the subregion over the last 10 years, from conservation programmes, to high-level regional directives, to national efforts to participate in the multilateral system of access and benefit sharing of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Also available in English.
10) Estado de la conservacion ex situ de los recursos geneticos de quinua
Bioversity International contributors: Adriana Alercia, Stefano Padulosi
The chapter provides an overview of the status of ex situ conservation of quinoa genetic resources around the world. it does also introduces its agromorphological variation through descriptor lists, evaluation and documentation activities.