Tree species experts from across the region have identified 50 pilot species* for APFORGIS, based on existing national priority species lists, socio-economic importance and conservation status, and diversity of species traits such as pollen and seed dispersal patterns including:
- Kokum (Clusiaceae: Garcinia indica), widely used for its edible fruits, seed oil and medicinal values, and an important source of income for rural communities, but rapidly declining in the wild.
- Gamboge species which are dioecious (having separate male and female trees) – conservation guidelines need to consider sex ratios and larger than usual population sizes to avoid inbreeding.
- Borneo Ironwood (Lauraceae: Eusideroxylon zwageri), as its name suggests, is one of the most durable and heaviest timber species in the world, used for centuries for building ships, docks and houses fit for humid tropical conditions. Ironwood grows very slowly and its seed are dispersed mainly by gravity in the vicinity of the mother trees, making the species vulnerable for genetic erosion. Many anecdotes about the iconic species’ decline exist, yet it does not have an accurate conservation status or specific conservation strategies in place.
Methods, tools and capacities developed for these and other species can be used by forest departments, research institutions and conservation organisations for other species of interest with similar characteristics.