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The challenge

People benefit from ecosystems in many ways, these are known as ecosystem services. In agriculture, these services include pollination, the provision of clean water, natural pest and disease control, nutrient cycling and more. 

Yet despite the importance of ecosystem services to farming communities, markets, policies and research often focus on specialization and economies of scale where biodiversity is seen as an impediment to crop productivity and farm income. 


Bioversity International researches how agricultural biodiversity can improve the provision of ecosystem services to create productive and resilient agricultural ecosystems.

We work at both the genetic, farm and landscape scale to develop solutions with multiple stakeholders by encouraging dialogue and the use of traditional and scientific knowledge systems.

Thematic areas

Pest & disease management

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Integrating wild & agrobiodiversity conservation

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Landscapes & ecosystem services

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Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems

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Agriculture: From villain to hero

The IPBES Assessments call for swift collective action to reverse the decline in the biodiversity and ecosystem services we depend on for food. Two of the authors discuss why agriculture must become part of the solution, and not the problem.


Find out why

Examples of how wild and agricultural biodiversity contribute to ecosystem service categories (TEEB)


The complex relationship between deforestation and diet diversity in the Amazon  

As increasing areas of the Amazonian rainforest are converted into agricultural land, scientists are examining how this is linked with local...

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Scientists unlock secrets of Ethiopia's superfood in race to save it from warming climate

Ethiopia's native staple food grain teff is at risk, with 80% of production to be hit by higher temperatures soon if not protected. For the first...

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Biodiversity: a building block for a healthier future

On the International Day for Biological Diversity, we discuss how biodiversity can be leveraged to embed resilience in our food systems and build a...

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A Call to Action for World Leaders Preventing a Global Food Security Crisis while Combatting COVID-19

COVID-19 is posing unprecedented challenges for food systems around the world. The Food and Land Use Coalition (FOLU), together with the Alliance,...

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An underground wood wide web for environmental health and productive landscapes

An interdisciplinary research team reports on how an underground network of tiny mycorrhizal fungi provides valuable ecosystem services.

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