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The challenge

People benefit from ecosystems in many ways, these are known as ecosystem services. In agriculture, these services include pollination, the provision of clean water, natural pest and disease control, nutrient cycling and more. 

Yet despite the importance of ecosystem services to farming communities, markets, policies and research often focus on specialization and economies of scale where biodiversity is seen as an impediment to crop productivity and farm income. 


Bioversity International researches how agricultural biodiversity can improve the provision of ecosystem services to create productive and resilient agricultural ecosystems.

We work at both the genetic, farm and landscape scale to develop solutions with multiple stakeholders by encouraging dialogue and the use of traditional and scientific knowledge systems.

Thematic areas

Pest & disease management

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Integrating wild & agrobiodiversity conservation

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Landscapes & ecosystem services

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Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems

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Agriculture: From villain to hero

The IPBES Assessments call for swift collective action to reverse the decline in the biodiversity and ecosystem services we depend on for food. Two of the authors discuss why agriculture must become part of the solution, and not the problem.


Find out why

Examples of how wild and agricultural biodiversity contribute to ecosystem service categories (TEEB)


An underground wood wide web for environmental health and productive landscapes

An interdisciplinary research team reports on how an underground network of tiny mycorrhizal fungi provides valuable ecosystem services.

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Godavari Basin: Agriculture facing up to Anthropocene challenges

Agriculture in the Anthropocene faces radically distinct challenges from previous decades, including significantly increasing production of food for...

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Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health

On the International Day for Biological Diversity, Juan Lucas Restrepo, Director General of Bioversity International, reflects on the importance of...

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IPBES recognizes why agrobiodiversity matters

The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) report, approved by more than 130 countries, recognizes...

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Four steps to diversify at multiple levels

A new assessment method means farmers can identify climate resilience gaps and ways to fill them using agrobiodiversity.

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